The historic town of Capdepera is located in the northeast of the island of Mallorca, in the Llevant region which overlooks the Menorcan coast. The Capdepera coastline is peppered with numerous coves that are home to leading resorts like Cala Ratjada, Cala Mesquida, Ca├▒amel and Font de Sa Cala.
One of Capdepera's main attractions is the Castle located at the top of the town.
Prehistory in the Capdepera municipality is well documented thanks to the existence of 41 archaeological sites dating back chronologically between the tenth and second centuries B.C. (ie, between the Pretalayotic and Talaiotic periods).
- Pretalayotic Period: Remains from this period include the Son Jaumell artificial caves and the Canyamel naviforms.
- Talaiotic Period: Settlements such as those at Sos Sastres, Son Barbassa, Puig de sÔÇÖhort, es Claper des Gegant and Son Favar date back to this period.
Capdepera/Arta Castle is a beautiful XIV Century castle and is one of the largest on the island. Its construction was ordered in 1300 by King James II of Mallorca. The purpose of the castle, a fortress built from the existing Nunis Miquel watchtower, was to group the area's scattered population together and guard them against pirate invasions. The castle walls were completed in the late fourteenth century.
A large proportion of Capdepera's population were not in favor of abandoning their homelands to live within the fort. For this reason, it was ordered that all the inhabitants barricade themselves armed inside the enclosure at night to reinforce the defense. Initially, about fifty houses were built inside the fort.
Nowadays, Capdepera castle (sometimes referred to as Arta Castle) is one of the best tourist attractions in the area. Two of the original buildings still remain within the castle: the Governor's House and the Church of San Juan, which in turn contains a statue of Christ dating from the fourteenth century and a Gothic statue of Capdepera's patron saint, the Virgen de la Esperanza.
Good Friday and the medieval market in the castle:
To commemorate Good Friday, on the Thursday night/early morning of Easter week a reinactment of the crucifixion of Christ takes place, performed with an elaborate staging complete with Roman soldiers and flaming torches. It is well worth seeing and will even impress unbelievers.
A medieval market is also held every third weekend in May in the castle grounds, where you can find stalls selling typical products from the medieval period, including traditional food, crafts and textiles. There is also traditional music and entertainment, etc. This fair was institutionalized in 2001 to be held each year.